What Pond Plants Will Survive the Winter Months?
When the weather turns cold, you have two choices for handling delicate and tropical pond plants – you can either bring them inside for the winter or treat them like annuals and replace them each spring. However, what many pond owners prefer to do is plant cold-hardy perennials that go dormant beneath the snow and come back to life in the spring.
If this is the sort of setup you want, consider including the following pond plant species in and around your backyard water feature:
If you have fish that you wish to winter over in your pond it's necessary to use a pond aerator. A pond aerator or small recirculating pump that agitates the water's surface will oxygenate the water. Why do you need to oxygenate your pond in winter? When people drown, their bodies are deprived of oxygen because their lungs fill with water rather than air. Fish obtain their oxygen from air that is dissolved in the water in which they swim. ... Oxygen diffuses into the fish through their gills, without aeration your fish will drown! (Well...technically speaking suffocate may be a better term.)
If you don't have fish in your pond a pond aerator can still be beneficial as it will help to continue to break down nutrients from leaves and debris in your pond and keep the water from becoming stagnant and foul smelling, but is not necessary.
Other options for winter aeration: a small recirculating pump may be used instead of an aerator. It will pump water up to the surface of the pond an agitate the surface (which adds oxygen to the water.)
Will a pond aerator alone keep my fish alive in winter?
No. An aerator adds oxygen to the water. If the temperatures drop you still need to be able to maintain a hole in the surface of the ice for gas exchange. What is gas exchange? Your pond slows down over the winter months, but it never completely shuts down. Leaves and debris continue to break down too, just at a slower pace than during warmer months. The process of the plants and debris breaking down creates methane gas. When the ice is allowed to completely cover the surface of the pond methane gas builds up and harms the aquatic life in your pond -including your fish. To prevent this use a simple deicer. The better ones are thermostatically controlled so that they consume electricity only when the temperatures drop. The deicer keeps just a small ring around the unit melted in the ice and allows the harmful gasses to escape. When installing a deicer for the winter be certain that it is placed a good distance from the aerator as the movement of water by the aerator may make it run more often than necessary.
If you have questions about how to properly winterize your pond please don't hesitate to call our pond shop (973)627-0515. We have the knowledge and supplies you need for proper pond winterization. Still feeling uncertain about how to winterize your pond? Just ask and we'll winterize your pond for you!
Backyard Fish Pond with Stream
The Transfer of Trust
It seems we never have a shortage of emails from people with stories about bad experiences with contractors they hired to install their backyard fish pond, disappearing waterfall, fountainscape or water feature.
If you are seriously considering a backyard fish pond or water feature, you’ve probably discovered that there are a lot of decisions to make!
At the top of this list stands one glaring question:
Each year, we at Atlantis Water Gardens, meet with well over 100 households in the Northern New Jersey (NJ) / Morris County area with respect to their backyard fish pond or water feature installation. And because so many folks know our thoughts and feelings (from this website) on all things "pond construction," they often ask us who are some of the other builders and competitors we have in the area.
Multi-Million Dollar Water Feature Build in Colombia, South America with Atlantis Water Gardens in Morris County, NJ - PART 1
Jaak Harju has been designing, building and maintaining ponds and water features in Morris County, NJ, as well as across the Country
(even a few international gigs!) for almost 2 decades.
In 2010, his company, Atlantis Water Gardens in Denville, NJ, was awarded Certified Aquascape Contractor (CAC) Of The Year by Aquascape Inc. and in 2014 he received the distinction of Water Feature Artist of the Year and Master CAC.